Know first aid heart attack to save lives

The difference that relief comes in seconds can determine the life of one's death. This is why heart attack first aid techniques are very important to master, especially for those who are often close to people with heart disease.

Know first aid heart attack to save lives
Know first aid heart attack to save lives


Cardiac arrest is a media emergency condition in which there is a disconnection or termination of blood flow that carries oxygen to the heart. This condition can damage the heart muscle because it does not have oxygen supply, and can lead to death.

The sooner the patient arrives at the hospital, the greater his life expectancy and the risk of heart damage is decreasing. In many cases, a heart attack sufferer is delayed and dies before arriving at the hospital. The average patient waits three or more hours before finally seeking help to deal with the emerging heart attacks.

Quick to recognize symptoms

Heart attack symptoms differ by each person, depending on their age, gender and severity. Diabetics, women, and elderly people may have symptoms that differ from the general.

To provide first aid to a heart attack, identify signs that indicate a person is experiencing an attack.

  • Chest pain, distress, or tightness for a few minutes, settled or lost. This pain is backed by blood flow blockage to the heart muscle.
  • Chest pain can spread to the arms, left shoulder, back, neck, jaw, chest bones, and upper body.
  • Nausea, vomiting, heartburn, and indigestion.
  • The body feels very weak and giddy.
  • Out cold Sweat.
  • Shortness of breath.
  • Fast or irregular heartbeat.
  • Changes in mental status.


If you have a heart attack yourself, avoid driving your own vehicle to the hospital. Ask someone else or call an ambulance to take you.

How to give Help

It is important to know first aid heart attack. If someone suddenly experiences a heart attack, the first thing to do is:

  • The patient should sit at rest and try to stay calm. It can sit on a chair, on the floor, or lean on a wall. Sitting on the floor makes them more not at risk of injury if blacked.
  • Loosen all clothing.
  • If you have ever prescribed the drug nitroglycerin previously by a doctor, immediately give. The way it is given by placing a tablet under the tongue.
  • If the patient has no history of bleeding or allergies, the patient may be given a 325 mg aspirin to chew. Avoid giving anything through the mouth, except nitroglycerin or other medications that have been prescribed before.
  • Contact the nearest UGD or hospital immediately.
  • Immediately perform CPR (pulmonary cardiac resuscitation) after contacting the ER, if the patient is unconscious or unresponsive. Do CPR first for a minute before contacting UGD if the patient is a toddler or a child.
  • Call the closest help if you feel panicked. But never once in a while leave the patient alone.
  • Give a positive persuasion while waiting for the ambulance to come.
  • Don't wait until symptoms pass by to call for help. Also do not persuade the patient to assume that the symptoms are ordinary.

At the hospital, the Doctor of the UGD will examine and run tests such as blood tests to monitor heart enzymes, chest x-rays, and Electrogardiograms (ECG) to find out if chest pain is true due to heart disease or other diseases. Heart attack sufferers should immediately get immediate relief in the hospital within 90-120 minutes or 2 hours after symptoms arise. Relief in the hospital as early as possible to improve the heart blood flow can be done by PCI procedure (Percutaneous Coronary Intervention) or angioplasty.

To prevent heart attack, people with heart disease should stop smoking or consume alcoholic beverages, and keep blood pressure, blood sugar, and cholesterol remain normal. It is important to consume healthy food and regular exercise, and to keep your weight normal.

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