Congestive heart failure: the silent killer

Congestive heart failure (CHF) is a heart failure in pumping blood supply that the body needs. This is due to abnormalities in the heart muscles so that the heart can not work normally.

Congestive heart failure: the silent killer
Congestive heart failure: the silent killer

During this time, heart failure is described as the heart condition of a person that stopped working, in which case it is stopped beating. In fact, heart failure means the inability of the heart in pumping blood or the inability of the heart to meet normal blood quota required by the body.

The process of congestive heart failure

The heart has four rooms that each have their own task, namely the right and left porch at the top, as well as the right and left chambers at the bottom. Based on the location of the heart, congestive heart failure can be distinguished into three types, namely the left, right, and mixture.

Left congestive heart failure

In patients with left congestive heart failure, the ventricle chamber or left chamber of the heart is not functioning properly. This part should drain the blood that is throughout the body through the aortic, then transmitted to the arteries.

Since the left Chamber function does not run optimally, it has increased pressure on the left foyer and surrounding veins. This condition creates fluid buildup in the lungs (pulmonary edema). Furthermore, fluid buildup can also form in the abdominal cavity and legs. This lack of blood flow then disrupts renal function, so the body hoard water and salt more than needed.

In some cases, this disease can also not be due to the failure of the left chamber of the heart in pumping blood. The inability of the left-heart chamber to relax is also sometimes the cause. Being unable to do relaxation, blood buildup has happened when the heart performs back pressure to fill the heart chamber.

Right side congestive heart failure

Occurs when the right chamber of the heart difficulties pumping blood to the lungs. As a result, blood returns to the vein, causing fluid buildup in the abdomen and other parts of the body, such as the legs.

Right congestive heart failure often begins with left congestive heart failure, where there is excessive pressure on the lungs, so that the right side of the heart's ability to pump blood to the lungs is also interrupted.

Congestive heart failure mixture
Left and right congestive heart failure occurs simultaneously.

What does the symptoms appear like?
There are several symptoms that indicate that a person suffers from congestive heart failure. Even in the early stages, symptoms may not affect the general health condition, but as the deterioration of the condition is suffered, the symptoms will become more noticeable.

There are at least three stages of symptoms that can be seen in a patient with congestive heart failure. The first is the symptom of early stages. At this stage, the patient experiences:

Swelling of the legs and ankles.
Easy to get tired, especially after doing physical activity.
Significant weight gain.
The more often you want to urinate, especially at night.
If the sufferer's condition continues to deteriorate, some of the following symptoms occur:

  • Irregular heartbeat.
  • Cough-cough due to pulmonary swelling.
  • The breath reads Mengi.
  • Shortness of breath because the lungs are filled with fluid. Tightness will also arise when performing mild physical activity or while lying down.
  • Difficult to do because each time a physical activity is mild, the body will feel tired.

Furthermore, congestive heart failure can be said to be severe, if the sufferer has experienced symptoms in the form:

  • To spread the chest pain through the upper body, this condition can also indicate a heart attack.
  • The skin becomes bluish, because the lungs have a lack of oxygen.
  • A short and quick breath.
  • Faint.
  • In severe congestive heart failure conditions, symptoms will be felt even when the body is resting. At this stage, patients with congestive heart failure will have difficulty in going through daily activities.

What are the dangers of congestive heart failure?

A person who is experiencing congestive heart failure needs to be wary of his life safety. Patients should immediately undergo treatment or will be faced with some risks of complications, such as:

Other organ failure

One organ that could experience malfunction is the kidneys. This occurs because in patients with congestive heart failure, blood flow to the kidneys will be reduced. If not administered treatment, may lead to renal organ damage or renal failure. Fluid buildup can also occur in liver organs. When this condition is not handled, there can be impaired liver function.

Heart valve Disorders

Congestive heart failure can lead to increased heart blood flow pressure. This condition may result in impaired heart valves. Advanced congestive heart failure can also cause heart swelling or enlarged heart, so the functioning of the heart valve can not run normally.


Arrhythmia or heart rhythm disorders can be suffered by congestive heart failure patients. This arrhythmia can occur due to cardiac electric flow disorder that serves to regulate rhythm and heartbeat. If the sufferer of congestive heart failure then suffers from arrhythmia, then it will be high risk of stroke. Patients are also susceptible to thromboembolism, which is the blockage of blood vessels due to the dislodged blood clot.

Sudden cardiac arrest

One of the harmful complications that need to be wary of congestive heart failure is sudden cardiac arrest. When cardiac function is impaired and unhandled, prolonged performance of the heart will suffer drastic decline and risk of sudden cardiac arrest. There are some things that cause this condition can occur in congestive heart failure. Among them, because the heart does not have enough oxygen, nerve disorders that regulate heart function, or due to changes in heart shape.

Overall, chronic heart failure disease, including congestive heart failure, is a fairly high donor mortality rate. Approximately 2-3 out of 10 people suffering from early to mid-level heart failure, died annually. While the heart failure is severe, up to half the number of sufferers can not be survived.

If you feel the symptoms of heart disorders, especially those that lead to congestive heart failure, you need to immediately take medication to the doctor to prevent further complications.

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